What is Cardiovascular Disease?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the term used to cover all diseases that affect the heart and circulatory system, including coronary heart disease, heart attack, angina, stroke, Deep Vein thrombosis and peripheral arterial diseases.
The common factor with these conditions is the build-up of atheroma – small fatty lumps that develop on the walls of the body's arteries (blood vessels), causing them to narrow and thus making it harder for the artery to carry blood and oxygen to the heart.
Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in the UK accounting for around a third of all deaths. Despite best efforts from health authorities to tackle cardiovascular disease, it continues to affect and claim the lives of thousands of British men and women each year. Over 140,000 people died from heart disease and stroke in the UK every year.
Health checks for cardiovascular disease, known as vascular health checks, play a vital role in helping to predict and prevent the development of heart disease and stroke. Through these preventative screening tests, doctors are able to identify patients who are at high risk of vascular disease and provide support and advice to help them reduce or manage that risk.