The Foot Ultrasound Scan
Musculoskeletal ultrasonography is a very powerful diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of a wide array of foot and ankle problems such tendinosis, tenosynovitis, paratendinitis, rupture, dislocation, ligaments that are commonly torn, plantar fasciitis, Morton's neuroma, stress fractures, and plantar plate injury.
Sports and overuse injuries of the ankle and foot are common and ultrasound has been established as an excellent diagnostic modality for foot and ankle pathologies, providing a rapid noninvasive examination tool that is well tolerated by the patient with acute or chronic pain. The opportunity for dynamic examination is another advantage of ultrasound in evaluating ankle and foot pathology, where manoeuvres such as muscle contraction and stressing of the joint may be particularly helpful.
What is the purpose of this scan?
The purpose of this foot ultrasound scan is to assess major the structures in the foot joint
- Tendons Sheaths
Reasons for having a foot scan include:
- Reduced Movement
- Plantar Fascitis
- Plantar Fibroma
- Mortons Neuroma
- Tumours, Cancers
- Foreign bodies
- Soft tissue masses such as ganglia, lipomas
- Bursitis or capsulitis of the joints
- Ligament injuries
- Tendonitis or tendon tears
- Heel spurs
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
- Muscular damage (chronic and acute)
- Joint effusions
- Vascular pathology
- Classification of a mass eg solid, cystic, mixed
- Post-surgical complications eg abscess, oedema
- Some bony pathology such as arthritis.
No preparation is necessary for this scan.
What should I expect during the ultrasound scan?
Before the ultrasound scan, our sonographer will explain the examination procedure. You will be asked to remove your shoe and sock and lie on the bed. A small amount of gel will be placed on your foot and the probe will be moved in different directions. You may also be asked to move your foot during the scanning so that the sonographer can look at the affected area while it is in motion.
During and after the examination our sonographer will explain the findings and an ultrasound report will be issued to take away with you.
About the Musculoskeletal (MSK) Ultrasound Scan
Pain and reduced movement are common problems associated with all our joints. Ultrasound is regularly employed to examine the musculoskeletal system (MSK) as it provides much-needed information about the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and soft tissue in the body.
An ultrasound scan will help in diagnosis of tendon tears, such as tears of the rotator cuff in the shoulder or Achilles tendon in the ankle, abnormalities of the muscles, such as tears and soft-tissue masses, bleeding or other fluid collections within the muscles or damage to the major joints for common problems such as arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, fluid in the joints, carpal tunnel syndrome etc..